13 Jul Girl Child Education; Empowering Somalia By Elizabeth Adeyemo
Girl Child Education; Empowering Somalia
Girl child education is vital to the empowerment of a nation. It paves the way for the emancipation of the girl child from gender inequality practices, gender-based violence, societal practices and cultural norms, and all forms of abuse.
Somalia has very high maternal mortality, female genital mutilation, increased child marriage rates, rape cases, and recurrent gender-based violence. There is low participation from women in politics and decision-making processes, thereby increasing gender inequalities. The latest statistics from UNDP places Somalia as the 4th most gender unequal country globally, with its gender inequality index as 0.776 (with a maximum of one indicating complete inequality).
According to UNICEF, about 23% of girls attended primary school between 2007 and 2010 compared to 42% for boys. Only 37% of girls who graduated from primary school took the Form Four exam in 2011/2012. There is also persistent repetition and dropout rates, suggesting poor learning outcomes.
Furthermore, the 2006 Somalia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey estimates the adult literacy for women to be 26% compared to the 36% for men. Although there was an increase from 19% for women and 25% for men in 2001. 74% of women experience higher unemployment compared to 61% of men.
Many Somali women are denied asset ownership and excluded from the decision-making process and go through the patriarchal filter, where they suffer from cultural limitations on access and inclusion.
In Somalia, early marriage is prevalent where 45% of women between the ages of 20 and 24 are married before 18 years. Many women suffer from a lack of access to health services. Only 26% of pregnant women receive antenatal care and 33% with a skilled attendant at birth. There maternal mortality rate between 2006 and 2010 was reported to be 1000 to 100000 births with confounding by low institutional deliveries and high fertility rates.
It is crucial to promote education, empower women in all sectors of development, and increase participation in decision-making processes to strengthen the economy, and address gender inequality. Gender equality and Girl Child Education is key to ensuring security, peace, and development in Somalia and around the world.
We are concerned with eradicating gender-based violence, educating, and empowering girls. We apply a bilateral approach to tackle food insecurity and gender inequality by promoting women empowerment and providing them with entrepreneurial solutions.