23 Jun Climate Change and It’s Multifaceted impact in Somalia : Myth or Fact? by Elizabeth Adeyemo
Climate Change and It’s Multifaceted impact in Somalia: Myth or Fact?
Summary: Somalia is particularly vulnerable to climate changes and its destructive impacts as a result of the hot and humid conditions, and their dependence on agriculture and livestock. Climate changes could result in the displacement of households, lifestyles, crop failure, locust breeding, and can aggravate food insecurity, chronic hunger, and poverty. Read this article to find out more and how HRI is changing the narrative.
Droughts, Flooding, and Locust infestation are all adverse effects of the rapidly changing climatic condition in Somalia. Somalia is one of the top countries in the world at risk of climate change. It is expected that the temperatures would rise by 4.3°C by the end of the century (Relief Web, 2020). Currently, Somalia’s climate is hot and dry, with erratic rainfall and regular droughts.
Approximately 60% of Somali’s population are pastoralists, and they generally breed cattle, goats, sheep, and camels. While 25% are farmers. Despite this fact, only 1.64% of the land is fertile (UNDP). Therefore, Somalia is especially vulnerable to climate change and its impacts, currently and in the future, because of their high dependence on livestock breeding and agriculture as their fundamental source of livelihood. Their vulnerability is further exacerbated by conflicts, hunger, food insecurity, and poverty.
Drought is one of the leading impacts of climatic change in Somalia, resulting in displacements of individuals and households from their homes and their lifestyle. It aggravates food insecurity and could subsequently lead to famine. According to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, there were about 739,000 displacements from droughts between November 2016 and May 2017.
Furthermore, Somalia continues to experience seasons of torrential rain resulting in severe flooding that destroys hectares of crops, and encourages locusts breeding. According to Relief Web, the highest rainfall in 40 years in parts of East Africa has resulted in extreme flooding, which has caused deaths of over 400 people, displaced 500,000 people from their homes, and destruction of crops and lifestyles.
The multiple and concurrent emergencies in Somalia continue to threaten the lives of many. There is bound to be a heightening in the frequencies and severity of climate change in Somalia.
Hunger Reduction International is saving villages and securing lives by implementing programs that enhance food security and builds resilience, for example, the establishment of farmer field schools. HRI is also responding to droughts emergencies and other ill-effects of climatic change.
Sources: Relief Web, 2020
Written By: Elizabeth Adeyemo