09 Sep 8 Things you didn’t know about Somalia By Elizabeth Adeyemo
8 things you didn’t know about Somalia
Somalia is the easternmost country of Africa, on the horn of Africa. It is a country characterized by beautiful and diverse traditions and extreme temperatures. The climate is mainly arid, with landscapes of deserts.
Let’s delve into these 8 things you didn’t know about Somalia:
- Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world. The 2012 Human Development Index places it within the five least developed of 170 countries. The poverty rate is tagged at 73%. Poverty is mostly as a result of persistent political strife, climatic emergencies and no active central government.
- Somalia’s main source of livelihood is crop production and livestock management. Yet their livelihood is threatened by extreme temperatures and climatic emergencies such as drought, flooding, locusts’ invasion and so on.
- Somalia has experienced extreme armed violence for more than three decades from bombings, clan conflicts, to kidnappings.
- In 2019, about 2 million people required humanitarian assistance due to food insecurity and poor nutrition, which could be aggravated by COVID-19 in 2020 and beyond.
- One out of seven children dies before the age of five. This is as a result of acute malnourishment, WASH-related diseases and related complications. In 2019, more than one million children were acutely malnourished.
- Women and Children are particularly vulnerable. In 2014, Somalia ranked at the bottom of the global health rankings for maternal and child health, education, and women’s income. They are especially at risk of sexual assault from armed men and gender-based violence.
- An estimated 2.6 million people are internally displaced, with many vulnerable and without assistance.
- The humanitarian crisis in Somalia is one of the most long-lasting and complex in the world. The country is plagued by multiple burdens from poverty, persistent violence, political strife, insecurity, underdevelopment to natural hazards and COVID-19 pandemic. That has thrust many deeper into impoverishment and displacement.
How is HRI helping?
Hunger Reduction International is at the forefront of providing relief and aid to vulnerable communities. We work towards alleviating hunger, inequalities, and poverty in Somali communities.
- We offer assistance to people living in these conditions and reach marginalized or hard-to-reach populations.
- We are increasing equitable access to vocational and skills training such as construction, auto-mechanics, sewing, and beautification and so on.
- We have provided seeds and tools to communities in Hargeisa and Berbera and established 20 farmer schools in these locations.