Somalia is defined as a Least Developed Country and is one of the ten poorest countries in the world. In 2003 UNDP estimated that over 43% of the population live in extreme poverty on less than one US dollars per day and over 73% of the population live in general poverty defined as less than two US dollars per day. HRI is working to increase equitable access to demand-driven entrepreneurial and vocational skills training, employment advisory services. Vocational and Skill trainings include Construction (carpentry, electrical repairs and installation, plumbing, welding, painting, masonry), auto mechanics, engine maintenance, car painting, electronics and computer repairing, beautification/hairdressing, cooking, leather processing, shoemaking, sewing / tailoring.
Overall, only 56% of the labour force was estimated to be economically active, with 62% of the urban labour force and 41% of the rural/nomadic labour force reported to be unemployed. Sustainable (self-) employment opportunities created for 750 disadvantaged and vulnerable youth and in particular women in Somaliland through vocational training linked to functional literacy and employment advisory services.
Adult literacy rates are estimated to be amongst the lowest in the world. As a result of the lack of education opportunities during and after the civil war literacy rates now vary between 35% for urban areas and 11% for rural/nomadic areas. HRI focuses its efforts upon improving food security and the economics associated with pastoral livelihoods. Fundamental to the achievement of our vision is the recognition of the role that the economic and social marginalization of women has to play in deepening food insecurity.
UNICEF estimates Gross Enrollment Ratio in primary schools to be 14% for girls. As a result many are lacking basic literacy/numeracy skills as well as any vocational skills that would help them to obtain employment or become self-employed. HRI applies a two pronged approach of promoting food security and gender equality by achieving the social and economic empowerment of communities to achieve its vision We engage base of the pyramid markets in Somalia and provide them with entrepreneurial solutions.